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Oracle SQL Tutorial 13 - How to Add Column Constraints (Attributes)
 
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So far, we have this table declaration: CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR(50 CHAR) first_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR), last_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) ) We can run this command see that it works. As we are learning though, we are going to want to be able to recreate our table with different settings and such, but if you try to run this command, it will complain that the table already exists. So we first need to delete this table before we start editing settings. When we get more experienced, we will learn about ways to edit the structure of a table that already exists. To fix this, we can get rid of the table using the DROP TABLE command: DROP TABLE users You can run this every time if you need to practice by adding a semicolon after it. This is how you can tell Oracle that you are putting in another command after it. This is known as a delimiter. When you run the script, it is going to run both commands. Now we can go through and reconsider our table structure. This is fine for starting out because we don't have any important data in our database, but once your database is in production you are not going to want to just drop tables. In the last video we discussed different constraints that you can apply to columns in a database table, but how do you actually apply these when you are creating a table? The first way you define constraints is to put them right after the column in your CREATE TABLE statement. CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL ) When we define constraints this way, we usually say we are adding column attributes. If you have two constraints you want to add, you just put one after the other with spaces in between. There is no particular order that is required. CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL UNIQUE ) In this situation we have already given the column the NOT NULL and UNIQUE attributes, so we should consider making this a primary key: CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) PRIMARY KEY ) As you can see, adding column attributes is super easy. We can add a default like this: CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) PRIMARY KEY, account_balance NUMBER DEFAULT 0 ) Note that now we need the comma after the first row. There are a few constraints we did not talk go through an example, specifically foreign keys and check constraints. We will be adding these constraints to our database in future videos. In the mean time, I have a thought for you… Many people prefer to name their column constraints. That way, we can refer to certain constraints by name. For example, we might have a primary key constraint that could be named users_pk. The way we are creating these constraints does not allow for this feature, so in the next video we are going to be discussing different ways to create constraints. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 17817 Caleb Curry
SQL Error ORA-00942 Table or View Does Not Exist in Oracle Database
 
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How to use Tab View (Data Dictionary) of Oracle Database to solve the SQL Error ORA-00942 Table or View Does Not Exist error in Oracle Database ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog: http://bit.ly/ora-00942 Previous Tutorial ► ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ ___Facebook Official Page of Manish Sharma___ https://www.facebook.com/TheRebellionRider/ ___Facebook Official Page of RebellionRider.com___ https://www.facebook.com/RebellionRider.official/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check the About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 5462 Manish Sharma
Oracle Database11g tutorials 14 : How to CREATE TABLE using sql developer and command prompt
 
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Oracle Database11g tutorials 14 How to Create table using command prompt and Create table using sql developer Blog Link http://bit.ly/1TkY4Oe Time Line 0:25 Introduction of Tables in Database 1:03 What is Create Table (Introduction of create table) 1:30 Syntax of Create Table 2:08 How to create table using Command Prompt 4:55 How to create table using SQL Developer Links for Oracle Database tutorials 4: database connectivity using SQL developer and command prompt http://youtu.be/wSqoXRlXDUU You can have indepth knowledge about SQL create table here http://www.rebellionrider.com/sql-create-table.html Tool used in this tutorial is command prompt. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com Today in this oracle database tutorial we will see How to CREATE A TABLE. if we have to define a table in layman language then we can say that Tables are just a collection of Rows and Columns but In RDBMS tables are database objects which help in organizing data into ROWS and COLUMNS. We can also say that SQL tables are kind of data structure which are used by database for efficient storage of data. To create a table in our database we use SQL CREATE TABLE command. SQL CREATE TABLE is a type of DATA DEFINITION LANGUAGE also known as DDL. To Create a table in your schema you will require CREATE TABLE system privilege. In our future videos we will see what are system and object privileges and how to grant them to a user. Today for this video we will be using Sample schema HR which already has all the necessary privileges. Ohk Let's see the syntax. CREATE TABLE table name ( column name1 Data-Type(size), column name2 Data-Type(size), ..... ); CREATE TABLE is an oracle reserved word or say an Oracle key word whereas There are 3 different ways of creating a table in Oracle database. Creating a table using Command Line Interface (CLI) in Oracle database For demonstrating how to create table in oracle database using CLI, I'll be using Command prompt. Thats how we create table using command prompt. you can check your table structure by DESCRIBE command for that just write DESC and your table name. Like this Another way of creating a table is by using Graphic user interface (GUI) in Oracle database To demonstrate how to create table using GUI we will use SQL developer. Lets open our SQL developer I am connected to HR schema if you do not know how to create a connection to database using SQL developer please watch my oracle database tutorial 4 that explains database connectivity using SQL developer and command prompt. Link for this video is in the description below. So lets create a table. Creating a table using SQL developer is very easy we do not have to fire any query here. Let's start First of all right click on your connection in which you want to create a table and choose schema browser. This will open a separate schema browser pane or you can expend your connection by clicking this + sign and then right click on table and choose New Table. However I prefer working with schema browser so let's skip to schema browser pane here from the first drop-down list you can choose connection name and in the second drop down list you can choose what database objects you want to work with we want to create a table thus I'll choose table and then click this arrow here and choose option for new table Ok we have created a table wizard first of all give a unique name to your table and add some column as well. For this, click the green plus button. Now we already have a column so give it some name. Also choose a datatype from the list and specify any size you can check this not null column if in case you want to make this a mandatory column you can also specify default value and constraint If you want to make this column a primary key you can click here In my future video i'll show you what are these constraints and different ways of applying them on a column in a table. for this video we will concentrate on create table only so when you are done with all your columns click ok Thats your table You can double click on your table here and can see its structure. Thats it
Views: 169196 Manish Sharma
Finding Database Columns By Name in Oracle SQL Developer
 
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How to find all columns in your Oracle Database by searching on the name.
Views: 5578 Jeff Smith
Oracle Database11g tutorials 8 || SQL DISTINCT with multiple columns |SQL Distinct with Two columns
 
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This SQL tutorial and Oracle database 11g tutorial for beginners will show how to use SQL DISTINCT keyword with SQL Select clause. This Video is in the continuation of previous video on SQL distinct with one column. In this video we will see How to use SQL distinct with multiple columns and SQL distinct with two columns Tool used in this tutorial is SQL developer. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. If you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts Email [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish From The Code makers
Views: 96692 Manish Sharma
PL/SQL tutorial 61: Collection Method FIRST & LAST in Oracle Database
 
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------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog: http://bit.ly/col-method-3 Previous Tutorial ► Intro of Collection Method: https://youtu.be/8V40IaOkGcU ► Collection Method COUNT: https://youtu.be/NNq80CcC5K8 ► Collection Method EXIST: https://youtu.be/ksfwNxZl4gI ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ ___Facebook Official Page of Manish Sharma___ https://www.facebook.com/TheRebellionRider/ ___Facebook Official Page of RebellionRider.com___ https://www.facebook.com/RebellionRider.official/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check the About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 5374 Manish Sharma
How To Add New Column(Field) in Existing table Using Oracle Database
 
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In this video You will learn how to Add new column after creating a new table or existing tables in oracle database , This video help us adding one or more than columns as per project requirement. add a column add a column in a table add a column in sql add a column in table add a column sql add a column to a table add a column to an existing table add a column to sql table add a column to table add a new column add column add column alter table add column in a table add column in a table oracle add column in existing table add column in oracle add column in sql add column in table add column in table oracle add column in table sql add column into table add column ms sql add column oracle add column oracle sql add column oracle table add column pl sql add column sql add column sql oracle add column sql script add column sql server add column sql server 2008 add column sql server 2012 add column table add column table oracle add column to a table add column to a table sql add column to database add column to existing table add column to existing table sql server add column to oracle table add column to sql add column to sql server table add column to sql table add column to table add column to table oracle add column to table sql add column to table sql server add column to table sql server 2008 add column tsql add field sql add field sql server add field to table sql add new column add new column in existing table add new column in oracle database tables add new column in table sql add new column sql add new column to sql table add new column to table add new column to table oracle add new column to table sql add sql column add table column add to table sql alter a table sql alter table alter column sql alter table change column sql alter table column sql alter table command sql table add column sql table alter sql update table add column sql update table column sqlplus alter table table add column table alter table columns add update add column update column oracle update table add column update table add column oracle update table add column sql
Views: 2351 Programming Lifestyle
How to Find out the Table & Columns in ORACLE APPS R12 | Class 2
 
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This video shows you how to find which table and column used in the form of oracle apps r12
Java & MySQL - Check if a value already exists
 
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Easy tutorial on how to check if a value already exists in the database.
Views: 25634 Mozoran
Oracle SQL Tutorial 22 - Why Primary Keys Shouldn't Change
 
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In the last video I mentioned that with our database design it is important to make sure that nobody tries to update a user's username. What happens if they do? Nothing horrible, Oracle will just throw an error. That's not such a big deal, but if you are hoping to make some kind of application that allows someone to change their username, this is not the best set up. Why? If you look at the projects table, we have a foreign key that references the username. Let's assume for a moment that Oracle allows you to do anything with your data. That means that if a user updates their username, there will be projects created by users that don't exist. Or a user could change their name to the previous owner. To fix this problem, we would need something such as an ON UPDATE CASCADE command for our foreign key. That would mean that if the user updated their username, the columns that reference that username would also update to the new value. This exists in some database management systems, but this does not exist in Oracle at the time of this video. How do we get around this problem? I'm sure we could conjure up something to allow us to update the username, but the easiest solution is to reference the user_id instead of the username. That way, when the username is updated, nothing changes inside of the foreign key. As a general rule, primary keys should never change. Foreign keys CAN change, but they should not change because a primary key changed. So, if we did happen to use a username as a column, it would be frowned upon if the username had to change because the column it references changes. However, it would be acceptable to change the foreign key if we needed to point to a new entity in the users table. Even if a username is never intended to change, these complications bother a lot of people. You can mitigate these problems by only referencing surrogate keys in foreign keys. This has the downside though that when you retrieve the data, you are going to have to do more work to make the data readable. For example, we had a table that was called project_users. It is essentially a table that says what users are part of what projects. We could have the foreign keys reference the project's name and the user's username. Then when you could say SELECT * FROM project_users. The data would be completely readable without doing anything. If you switch to only referencing surrogate primary keys, you will have a bunch of random numbers that don't mean anything and will have to be joined with other tables…which is really super frustrating when later you have to join a thousand tables to read anything. Which side do you prefer? Pick a side. Choose wisely. I'll see you all in the next video ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ HELP ME! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 5149 Caleb Curry
SQL tutorials 18: SQL Foreign Key Constraint
 
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SQL Tutorial 18: SQL foreign key constraint. Topic covered in this tutorial 1. Defining SQL foreign key using create table at column level 2. Defining SQL foreign key using create table at table level 1. Defining SQL foreign key using Alter Table statement Links Website article: http://www.rebellionrider.com/sql-foreign-key.htm Primary key tutorial: http://www.rebellionrider.com/sql-foreign-key.htm Create Table Tutorial: http://www.rebellionrider.com/sql-create-table.html Tool used in this tutorial is SQL Developer. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com Foreign key is an Input/output data constraint which is also known as referential integrity constraint. Foreign key represent a link or say a relationship between columns of tables. Similar to primary key constraint Foreign Key constraint is also of two types. Simple Foreign key constraint and Composite Foreign key constraint. Constraint which involves only one column in foreign key in child table and one column in reference key in parent table is called Simple Foreign Key. While the constraint which involves more than one column in foreign key in child table and more than one column in reference key in the parent table is called Composite Foreign Key.
Views: 99087 Manish Sharma
How To Check If Column Exists for a Table Or View in Database in SQL Server - SQL Server Tutorial
 
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On daily basis, we come across this scenario when we have to find out if a column exists for a Table or View in Database. Specially if we are debugging SQL Server Reports/An application, we take a column name or part of it and want to know that from which table this column is used. We can query INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS view to get this information. blog post link for scripts used in this video http://sqlage.blogspot.com/2014/01/tsql-how-to-check-if-column-exists-for.html
Views: 4793 TechBrothersIT
How to use exists statement
 
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Hello Friends In this video i'm going to show you how to use exist in subquery step by step.
Views: 5424 OCP Technology
PL/SQL tutorial 82: How to Execute DDL statements with Execute Immediate Dynamic SQL
 
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Native Dynamic SQL - Learn how to execute CREATE TABLE DDL statement using EXECUTE IMMEDIATE in Oracle Database by Manish Sharma ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog: http://bit.ly/NDS-3 What Is A #Data Warehouse? http://bit.ly/the-data-warehouse Previous Tutorial ► Introduction to Dynamic SQL: https://youtu.be/Yzk1zENbhg4 ► Introduction to Execute Immediately: https://youtu.be/47KzYVBNbIs ► Create Table: https://youtu.be/UU0EEfpa-2c ►Alter Table: https://youtu.be/8yAaO_ySTkw ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ ___Facebook Official Page of Manish Sharma___ https://www.facebook.com/TheRebellionRider/ ___Facebook Official Page of RebellionRider.com___ https://www.facebook.com/RebellionRider.official/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check the About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 3103 Manish Sharma
Oracle COUNT Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-count/ The Oracle COUNT function is used to count the number of rows from the column, or number of values, provided to it. It’s commonly used to find the number of rows returned by a SELECT query. The syntax of the COUNT function is: COUNT ( [ * | [ DISTINCT | ALL ] expression) [ over (analytic_clause) ] There’s a lot of square brackets here, indicating optional parameters and choices. This just means you can use the COUNT function in a few different ways: COUNT(*) COUNT(DISTINCT expression) COUNT(ALL expression) COUNT(*) OVER (analytic_clause) COUNT(DISTINCT expression) OVER (analytic_clause) COUNT(ALL expression) OVER (analytic_clause) It can be used as an aggregate or analytic function. The parameters of the COUNT function are: - expression: The expression to count the values of. This can be a column or a set of values, for example. - analytic_clause: This is used to specify the criteria for an analytic query. COUNT(*) is the most common way to use this function, I’ve found. As COUNT(*) is an aggregate function, like all aggregate functions the columns mentioned in the SELECT clause need to exist in the GROUP BY clause. NULL values are ignored by COUNT(expression), but they are counted when using COUNT(*). COUNT(*) has the exact same calculation and performance as COUNT(1). For more information about the Oracle COUNT function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-count/
Views: 99 Database Star
AskTOM TV - how to read the HIGH_VALUE and other LONG columns
 
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blog: https://connor-mcdonald.com A short video to help you understand the "thought process" behind answering AskTom questions. In this episode, how do we interrogate the HIGH_VALUE column in USER_TAB_PARTITIONS so we can see the correct boundary information for partitions ========================================­­­­============== Copyright © 2017 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
Views: 1152 Connor McDonald
SQL Tutorial - 13: Inserting Data Into a Table From Another Table
 
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In this tutorial we'll learn to use the INSERT Query to copy data from one table into another.
Views: 235758 The Bad Tutorials
How to Resolve Oracle SQL Parent Key Not Found (ORA-02291)
 
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In this video, we’ll explain what the ORA-02291 “parent key not found” error is, see an example, and look at how to resolve it. This error usually happens when we try to insert data into a table. It looks like this: Error is: ORA-02291: integrity constraint (constraint_name) violated - parent key not found So what does this error mean? It means we’re trying to insert data into a child table, and there is no related record in the parent table. If a foreign key has been set up to enforce this relationship, there needs to be a parent to insert a child that refers to it. Watch the video to see an example of this error as well as how to resolve it. For more information on Oracle SQL, refer to the Database Star website here: https://www.databasestar.com/
Views: 1258 Database Star
Oracle SQL Tutorial 17 - Designing Our Foreign Keys
 
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We are going to continue working with the users table that we've started with, but we are going to add a few tables. Imagine a system where you can create projects. And users can be added to these projects. So this could be some kind of productivity app or a project management solution, think of JIRA. We are going to start with three tables. The first table is going to be a users table that contains all of the information about each user's account. We are then going to have a table that is called projects. Each project will have data about the project and a foreign key that is the creator of the project. This is a situation where the database design depends a lot on the business rules and requirements of the application. Is it appropriate to have only one creator, or can it have multiple creators? We are going to design it with only one creator per project to increase simplicity. The third table is going to be used to record what users are part of certain projects. This situation is a many to many relationship because we've decided that one user can be a part of multiple projects and an individual project can have multiple members working on it. Because this is a many to many relationship, it calls for an intermediary table, project_users. First, we will draw out the user table. We will have a user_id, username, first_name, and last_name. Now, this is our parent table, because it has no foreign keys. Now, this is our parent table, because it has no foreign keys. Other tables are going to be referencing this table, so they would be the children. The project table will have a project_id, title, description, and creator. The column that needs to be a foreign key is the creator. Let's move on to the next table and we'll get back to the foreign key of the project table. The other table was project_users. Knowing that this is an intermediary table, immediately we know that the first two columns are going to be foreign keys to the each of the other tables. Now, let's ask the important questions about the foreign keys. Let's first start with the project table's user column. The first thing we need to ask is what column does it need to reference? Remember, the only options are the columns that are UNIQUE. Our candidates are user_id and username. For now, let's go with username as it makes things easier to work with. Once we go into learning about joins, we will talk about joining things by ID. Different people do it different ways, with the majority using only ID columns for primary and foreign keys, but it's important to be familiar with different ways of doing things. The important thing to remember is that keys should never change, so if we should only reference the username if a user's username will never change. Should the foreign key be labeled UNIQUE? If yes, it means that a user can only create one project. I vote no. Should the foreign key be labeled NOT NULL? If not, it means that a project can exist without a creator. I vote no. Moving on to the next table, I think I'll have the columns reference the project's id and user's id, so we can get some experience referencing surrogate keys. We can apply to these foreign keys the same questions we asked about the other foreign key, and I would encourage you to do so and really think about why. But I can tell you that we are not going to want them to be NOT NULL, but not UNIQUE. Now that we have a pretty decent database design, we can proceed with creating our database. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ HELP ME! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 8857 Caleb Curry
Oracle ADD_MONTHS Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-add_months/ The Oracle ADD_MONTHS allows you to add a specified number of months to a date value, and return the new date value. It’s great for performing calculations on dates, or date arithmetic, which can be hard in many different programming languages. The syntax of the ADD_MONTHS function is: ADD_MONTHS ( input_date, number_months ) The function returns a DATE value. The parameters of this function are: - input_date (mandatory): This is the starting date, or the date that you will add a number of months to. - number_months (mandatory): This is an integer value that represents the number of months to add to input_date. The input_date can be any datetime value, or even a character value that can be converted to a date. Also, the number_months can be any number value, or a character value that can be converted to a number. What if the number of days in the two months are different? For example, adding a month to Jan 31 could result in Feb 31, which does not exist. Well, in this case, Oracle would work out that the date does not exist, and use the last date of the month (e.g. Feb 28). You can also provide a negative value for ADD_MONTHS to subtract months from the specified date. For more information about the Oracle ADD_MONTHS function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-add_months/
Views: 359 Database Star
How to Add Column To Existing SQL Server Table with Default Constrain - SQL Server Tutorial
 
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How to Add a Column with Values to Existing SQL Server Table - TSQL Tutorial / SQL Server Tutorial We often have to add a new column to existing Table/s. Let's consider we have dbo.Customer table and we are US based company and we never did business outside USA. so we never need Country Column to our existing Table for Address as we only operator in USA. Now company has decided to expand the business and might have the customers from other countries. What we want to do , we want to add column to existing table with default value. All the existing values should be also updated to default value when we add this new column. Moving forward if no Country Name provided, It should take USA otherwise value provided. blog post link for script http://sqlage.blogspot.com/2015/03/how-to-add-column-with-values-to.html
Views: 25353 TechBrothersIT
SQL tutorial 60: SQL View in Oracle Database By Manish Sharma RebellionRider
 
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SQL View in Oracle Database. In this tutorial you will learn how to create a vie as well as how to replace a view along with the examples of all the DML e.g. DESCRIBE, SELECT, UPDATE, INSERT and Delete on view by Manish Sharma RebellionRider ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/sql-view-in-oracle-database Previous Tutorial ► Tut 5: SELECT statement http://youtu.be/f_mVBVgnqmM ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Help Me In Getting A Job◄◄◄ ►Help Me In Getting A Good Job By Connecting With Me on My LinkedIn and Endorsing My Skills. All My Contact Info is Down Below. You Can Also Refer Me To Your Company Thanks ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=kb4rc1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Amazon Wishlist: http://bit.ly/wishlist-amazon ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ You can also Email me at [email protected] Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 39893 Manish Sharma
Oracle rownum vs row number
 
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oracle rownum vs ROW_NUMBER
Views: 62 Siva Academy
ORACLE Technical Interview Question And Answers
 
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ORACLE Technical Interview Question And Answers @ http://www.blog.latestoffcampus.com/2013/11/oracle-technical-interview-question.html ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1.What are the components of physical database structure of Oracle database? Ans.Oracle database is comprised of three types of files. One or more datafiles, two are more redo log files, and one or more control files. 2.What are the components of logical database structure of Oracle database? Ans.There are tablespaces and database's schema objects 3.How do you switch from an init.ora file to a spfile? Ans.Issue the create spfile from pfile command. 4.What is a CO-RELATED SUBQUERY Ans.CO-RELATED SUBQUERY is one that has a correlation name as table or view designator in the FROM clause of the outer query and the same correlation name as a qualifier of a search condition in the WHERE clause of the subquery. 5.What is SYSTEM tablespace and when is it created? Ans.Every Oracle database contains a tablespace named SYSTEM, which is automatically created when the database is created. The SYSTEM tablespace always contains the data dictionary tables for the entire database. 6.What are various joins used while writing SUBQUERIES Ans.Self join-Its a join foreign key of a table references the same table. Outer Join-Its a join condition used where One can query all the rows of one of the tables in the join condition even though they don't satisfy the join condition. Equi-join-Its a join condition that retrieves rows from one or more tables in which one or more columns in one table are equal to one or more columns in the second table 7.What is schema? Ans.A schema is collection of database objects of a user. 8.Give the reasoning behind using an index. Ans.Faster access to data blocks in a table. 9.What type of index should you use on a fact table? Ans.A Bitmap index. 10.What are various constraints used in SQL Ans NULL NOT NULL CHECK DEFAULT 11.What are different Oracle database objects Ans. TABLES VIEWS INDEXES SYNONYMS SEQUENCES TABLESPACES etc 12.What command would you use to encrypt a PL/SQL application? Ans.WRAP 13.What is difference between Rename and Alias Ans.Rename is a permanent name given to a table or column whereas Alias is a temporary name given to a table or column which do not exist once the SQL statement is executed. 14.What is a view Ans.A view is stored procedure based on one or more tables, its a virtual table 15.What are various privileges that a user can grant to another user Ans. SELECT CONNECT
Views: 921 Latestoffcampus
Partner Webcast – Practical use cases of Oracle API Platform Cloud Service
 
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Why do Application Programming Interfaces (API) and API Management matter? What would happen if we woke up tomorrow and APIs didn’t exist? We know they are a part of modern technological development and disruption, but do we really understand the importance of APIs? Without APIs, we’re left with ‘application islands’ – a world of isolated data and applications that can’t communicate with each other. APIs and connectivity are an integral to the way technologies, society and culture has evolved – which is why businesses can’t afford to ignore this ‘digital glue’. [Read More @ https://blogs.oracle.com/imc/partner-webcast-practical-use-cases-of-oracle-api-platform-cloud-service]
Views: 207 Oracle IMC
Merge: Databases for Developers #17
 
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Sometimes when adding rows to your database need update-if-exists, insert-if-not-exists logic. Aka an upsert. You could write this as separate update and insert statements. But there is an easier way: Merge! Watch this video for an overview of how merge works. Further reading: Merge documentation: https://docs.oracle.com/en/database/oracle/oracle-database/18/sqlrf/MERGE.html Delete rows not in the source using merge: https://technology.amis.nl/2006/10/14/have-merge-remove-records-from-target-that-are-not-in-the-source-oracle-10g/ Take the course: https://devgym.oracle.com/pls/apex/dg/class/databases-for-developers-next-level.html Need help with SQL? Ask us over on AskTOM: https://asktom.oracle.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/ChrisRSaxon Daily SQL Twitter tips: https://twitter.com/SQLDaily All Things SQL blog: https://blogs.oracle.com/sql/ ============================ The Magic of SQL with Chris Saxon Copyright © 2015 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
Views: 570 The Magic of SQL
Oracle Database 12c Tutorial 4: How to install sample schemas / users in Oracle Database 12c
 
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Learn how to install sample schemas or users in oracle database 12c, In this tutorial you will also learn how to create a pluggable database in oracle database 12c by manish sharma RebellionRider ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/how-to-install-sample-schema-users-hr-sh-in-oracle-12c Previous Tutorial ► Tut 61: How To Unlock HR schema in Oracle Database 12c http://youtu.be/F81gfUnznZY ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Help Me In Getting A Job◄◄◄ ►Help Me In Getting A Good Job By Connecting With Me on My LinkedIn and Endorsing My Skills. All My Contact Info is Down Below. You Can Also Refer Me To Your Company Thanks ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=kb4rc1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Amazon Wishlist: http://bit.ly/wishlist-amazon ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ You can also Email me at [email protected] Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 51511 Manish Sharma
Lecture 36: Oracle Sql: MINUS operator
 
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Oracle Sql: MINUS operator https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnBpiBIOtRgMsk4G7Ri1jbQ
Views: 509 Oracle SQL
How to add Foreign key Constraint to existing table in SQL Server-SQL Server/TSQL Tutorial Part 68
 
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SQL Server / TSQL Tutorial Scenario: You have already created two tables dbo.Customer and dbo.Orders. Primary Key is created on CustomerId column in dbo.Customer table. Link to scripts used in SQL Server / TSQL Tutorial Video http://www.techbrothersit.com/2016/04/how-to-add-foreign-key-constraint-to.html Check out our website for Different SQL Server, MSBI tutorials and interview questions such as SQL Server Reporting Services(SSRS) Tutorial SQL Server Integration Services(SSIS) Tutorial SQL Server DBA Tutorial SQL Server / TSQL Tutorial ( Beginner to Advance) http://www.techbrothersit.com/
Views: 5729 TechBrothersIT
Learn Oracle SQL : Filtering Duplicate Rows ( The DISTINCT Clause )
 
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http://bit.ly/oracle-sql-course | Get the complete course today. Learn Oracle SQL : Filtering Duplicate Rows ( The DISTINCT Clause ): In this video, I show you how you can use the DISTINCT clause to remove duplicate rows from the results of your queries. This is an excerpt of the course " Oracle SQL From Scratch " which you can get at a discounted price here: http://bit.ly/oracle-sql-course You can find additional Oracle SQL related articles and educational content in my blog here: http://standout-dev.com/
Views: 215 Oracle SQL
SQL UNION, INTERSECT, EXCEPT
 
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Jamie King of Neumont University demonstrating UNION, INTERSECT, and EXCEPT.
Views: 40689 Jamie King
How to Remove Multiple Tables | Drop Table | Multiple Drop Table | Drop Table Oracle | Delete Table
 
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How to Remove Multiple Tables | Drop Table | Multiple Drop Table | Drop Table in Oracle | Delete Table ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Remove Multiple Tables,Delete Table,Drop Table in Oracle,Multiple Drop Table,Drop Table,insert, create, tutorial,sql, sql tutorials, oracle dba tutorials, sql developer, sql tutorials for beginners, sql expert, sql expert tutorials, database, oracle, table, online training,insert into oracle,oracle insert into multiple rows,create table oracle,oracle 12c alter table add identity column,oracle create table default value sysdate,collections in oracle pl sql with examples,Oracle 12c, database, oracle database (software), sql, sql developer, sql tutorials, how to create database using dbca, how to create database in oracle,oracle cloud, database 12c, dba genesis,database services, database, create, 11g, dba, db, beginner, Please Subscribe My Channel
Multiple Choice Answers
 
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http://subjectexperts.blogspot.in/2013/09/multiple-choice-answers_3317.html 1. Which of the following operators would cause Oracle to potentially perform a time-intensive full table scan on the table listed in a subquery? (Points : 3) = EXISTS ON NOT IN 2. Which of the following operators can be used with sub queries as a logical test for the return of rows from a query? (Points : 3) ANY EXISTS ON ONLY 3. Assume you are using the INTERSECT operator to combine the results from two identical tables, CUSTOMER and CUSTOMER_2. The CUSTOMER table contains 10 rows, while the CUSTOMER_2 table contains 7 rows. Customers Dunne and Olowski are included in the CUSTOMER table as well as in the CUSTOMER_2 table. How many records are returned when using the INTERSECT operator? (Points : 3) 0 2 8 10 4. Which one of the following statements cannot be placed in a subquery? (Points : 3) ORDER BY NOT EXISTS GROUP BY EXISTS IN 5. A(n) ____ join returns not only the rows matching the join condition (that is, rows with matching values in the common columns) but also the rows with unmatched values. (Points : 3) outer inner equi cross 6. What is the current syntax for a left outer join based on Oracle 10g? (Points : 3) SELECT column-list FROM table1 OUTER JOIN table2 LEFT WHERE join-condition SELECT column-list FROM table1 LEFT OUTER JOIN table2 ON join-condition SELECT column-list WHERE LEFT table1=table2 SELECT column-list FROM table1 LEFT table2 [JOIN] WHERE join-condition 7. (TCO 1) In your own words explain what constitutes an updatable view and how it might be used.
Views: 34 Michael Anderson
SQL/XML (SQLX) : Generating XML using SQL in Oracle
 
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This video gives an overview of the SQL/XML (SQLX) functionality, which can be used to generate XML documents using SQL. For more information see: https://oracle-base.com/articles/misc/sqlxml-sqlx-generating-xml-content-using-sql Website: https://oracle-base.com Blog: https://oracle-base.com/blog Twitter: https://twitter.com/oraclebase Cameo by Kevin Closson : Blog : https://kevinclosson.net/ Twitter : https://twitter.com/kevinclosson Cameo appearances are for fun, not an endorsement of the content of this video. All trademarks, product names and logos are the property of their respective owners.
Views: 7431 ORACLE-BASE.com
Oracle Database11g tutorials 5:  how to retrieve Data Using SQL SELECT statement || SQL tutorials
 
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This SQL tutorial and Oracle database 11g tutorial for beginners will show how to retrieve data using SQL SELECT statement. Tool used in this tutorial is SQL developer. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 You can download the Script which is used in this SQL tutorial from this link https://copy.com/yDQ46Tb64efm Contacts Email [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/RebellionRider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from The Code makers
Views: 190308 Manish Sharma
8. SQL for Beginners - Subquery (Hindi)
 
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In this video, you will learn what is subquery? what is it's need? how to deal with the situations using subquery?
Views: 5850 Ishwar Academy
MySQL Tutorial #12 in Hindi: SubQuery(Nested Query) with EXISTS and NOT EXISTS Clause
 
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MySQL Tutorial #12 in Hindi: SubQuery(Nested Query) with EXISTS and NOT EXISTS Clause - Solved Examples MySQL tutorial for Beginners MySQL Installation Guide How to Install MySQL on windows 10
How To Insert,update,delete,join Data into a Table Using SQL Developer tool
 
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How To Insert,update,delete,join Data into a Table Using SQL Developer tool In this topic, you learn to add objects to the Query Builder interface and then create a query based on those objects. In this section, you create a query based on the EMPLOYEES and DEPARTMENTS tables. You will generate output that shows per department name, the employees who work in that department. Perform the following steps to add the EMPLOYEES table to the Query Builder. 1 . Select the Query Builder tab to open Query Builder window. 2 . Drag and drop the EMPLOYEES table from the Connections navigator to the Query Builder window. 3 . Drag and drop the DEPARTMENTS table object over to the Query Builder window, so that the two table objects are displayed in the Query Builder window. Because there are two relationships defined between the EMPLOYEES and DEPARTMENTS tables, you see two lines between the tables identifying the columns that are linked together through foreign key constraints. The two relationships are defined as: The MANAGER_ID in the DEPARTMENTS table must be a value of the EMPLOYEE_ID in the EMPLOYEES table (managers must exist as employees). The DEPARTMENT_ID in the EMPLOYEES table must be a value of the DEPARTMENT_ID in the DEPARTMENTS table (an employee's department must exist in the DEPARTMENTS table, or be null). 4 . Next, you select the columns that you want to see in the report. In the EMPLOYEES table, check the FIRST_NAME, LAST_NAME, JOB_ID, SALARY, and DEPARTMENT_ID columns. As you select these columns, note that they are added in the order that you select them into the window below the table objects. In the DEPARTMENTS table, check the DEPARTMENT_NAME column. 5 . Click Run .
Views: 1502 Narayan Mehta
ꘒ0001 Select From Oracle Errors ORA-00000 .. ORA-65536
 
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ORA-nnnnn Errors with a Simple Query.
Views: 158 Geraldo Viana
SQL Server except operator
 
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sql except example sql except operator example sql server except example sql server except order by sql server except clause SQL Server except operator In this video we will discuss SQL Server except operator with examples. EXCEPT operator returns unique rows from the left query that aren’t in the right query’s results. Introduced in SQL Server 2005 The number and the order of the columns must be the same in all queries The data types must be same or compatible This is similar to minus operator in oracle Let us understand this with an example. SQL Script to create the tables Create Table TableA ( Id int primary key, Name nvarchar(50), Gender nvarchar(10) ) Go Insert into TableA values (1, 'Mark', 'Male') Insert into TableA values (2, 'Mary', 'Female') Insert into TableA values (3, 'Steve', 'Male') Insert into TableA values (4, 'John', 'Male') Insert into TableA values (5, 'Sara', 'Female') Go Create Table TableB ( Id int primary key, Name nvarchar(50), Gender nvarchar(10) ) Go Insert into TableB values (4, 'John', 'Male') Insert into TableB values (5, 'Sara', 'Female') Insert into TableB values (6, 'Pam', 'Female') Insert into TableB values (7, 'Rebeka', 'Female') Insert into TableB values (8, 'Jordan', 'Male') Go Notice that the following query returns the unique rows from the left query that aren’t in the right query’s results. Select Id, Name, Gender From TableA Except Select Id, Name, Gender From TableB To retrieve all of the rows from Table B that does not exist in Table A, reverse the two queries as shown below. Select Id, Name, Gender From TableB Except Select Id, Name, Gender From TableA You can also use Except operator on a single table. SQL script to create tblEmployees table Create table tblEmployees ( Id int identity primary key, Name nvarchar(100), Gender nvarchar(10), Salary int ) Go Insert into tblEmployees values ('Mark', 'Male', 52000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('Mary', 'Female', 55000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('Steve', 'Male', 45000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('John', 'Male', 40000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('Sara', 'Female', 48000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('Pam', 'Female', 60000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('Tom', 'Male', 58000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('George', 'Male', 65000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('Tina', 'Female', 67000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('Ben', 'Male', 80000) Go Except operator on a single table Select Id, Name, Gender, Salary From tblEmployees Where Salary ]= 50000 Except Select Id, Name, Gender, Salary From tblEmployees Where Salary ]= 60000 Order By clause should be used only once after the right query Select Id, Name, Gender, Salary From tblEmployees Where Salary ]= 50000 Except Select Id, Name, Gender, Salary From tblEmployees Where Salary ]= 60000 order By Name Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/sql-server-except-operator.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/adsbygoogle-window.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 38029 kudvenkat
APEX Nitro, From Zero to Hero
 
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Vincent Morneau Developer Insum Solutions APEX developers of all skills inevitably have to write JavaScript and CSS. Do you feel the learning curve to be steep? That is 100% normal. Barely any guidelines exist within APEX to learn the fundamentals of these languages. Let’s fix that. A new tool is rising in popularity among the APEX community: APEX Nitro takes your front-end development to the next level by reducing mundane tasks, boosting performance, modularizing code, enhancing teamwork and more. Come to this session and become an APEX Nitro Hero!
Views: 1490 Oracle Developers
SQL Server 27 - How to Create FOREIGN KEY Constraints
 
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In the previous video we set up an entire table. The problem with this table is that the species column is just plain text. The problem with this is that there is a higher probability of incorrect data and if we have tons of animals in here there will be a lot of redundant information. The solution to this is to change this species to a foreign key to another table. Remember that when you create a foreign key it is a child to a parent. The thing you need to know is that the parent has to exist before the child so the child has something to reference. So let's create the parent table. CREATE TABLE Species( ID INT PRIMARY KEY IDENTITY, Species VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL UNIQUE, FriendlyName VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL //NOT UNIQUE because multiple rows could be same category (Ex: Bunny) ); Now, the friendly name will likely have redundant data, so maybe later we can add a table for animal categories or something, but let's not overwhelm ourselves quite yet. Maybe in a few videos. Now that we have created that table, we can recreate the table that references it. The first thing to know when creating a foreign key is that the data type must match. Because the ID column in the species table is of type INT, we should make our Species column in the Animals table also of type INT. Secondly, to make this a foreign key we add REFERENCES Species(ID) to the Species column. DROP TABLE IF EXISTS Animals; CREATE TABLE Animals( ID INT PRIMARY KEY IDENTITY, Name VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL, Species INT NOT NULL REFERENCES Species(ID), ContactEmail VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL UNIQUE ); ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 3737 Caleb Curry
IN v/s EXISTS v/s JOIN, which one will give better performance under what condition?
 
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This video demonstrates the performance effects of using an exists clause instead of an IN clause, also it shows how we can update a simple sub query having an IN clause with an EXISTS or JOIN statement. It also shows that joining would consider the null data, where as an IN clause would neglect null values.
Views: 998 Kishan Mashru
UPDATE STATEMENT WITH JOIN IN ORACLE SQL
 
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This video demonstrates how user can update data of a particular table(t1), based on the join condition with other table(t2). So it would be a easy way to ditch the for-loop, and check for the condition every time. What was to be achieved from the for-loop can be achieved with a single simple update statement. A simple trick to update data in table based on some conditional data in some another table, would help you to increase the performance of your code massively. For ex : UPDATE TABLE1 t1 SET COL1 = (SELECT COL FROM TABLE2 t2 where t1.col = t2.col);
Views: 2790 Kishan Mashru
MSSQL - How to check if column in table exists
 
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Query that checks if specified column exists in specified table. More info with ready to copy and paste example http://howtodomssqlcsharpexcelaccess.blogspot.ca/2013/03/ms-sql-check-if-column-exists-in-table.html
Views: 1354 Vis Dotnet
SQL script to insert into many to many table
 
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Text Article http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2017/02/sql-script-to-insert-into-many-to-many.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2017/02/sql-script-to-insert-into-many-to-many_6.html SQL Server Interview Questions and Answers text articles & slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/05/sql-server-interview-questions-and.html SQL Server Interview Questions and Answers playlist https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL6n9fhu94yhXcztdLO7i6mdyaegC8CJwR All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists In this video we will discuss how to insert data into a table that has many-to-many relationship Create table Students ( Id int primary key identity, StudentName nvarchar(50) ) Go Create table Courses ( Id int primary key identity, CourseName nvarchar(50) ) Go Create table StudentCourses ( StudentId int not null foreign key references Students(Id), CourseId int not null foreign key references Courses(Id) ) Go Students - Id column is identity column Courses - Id column is identity column StudentCourses - StudentId and CourseId columns are foreign keys referencing Id column in Students and Courses tables As you can see, StudentCourses is a bridge table that has many to many relationship with Students and Courses tables. This means a given student can be enrolled into many courses and a given course can have many students enrolled. Below is the question asked in an interview for SQL Server Developer role. Write a SQL script to insert data into StudentCourses table. Here are the rules that your script should follow. 1. There will be 2 inputs for the script Student Name - The name of the student who wants to enroll into a course Course Name - The name of the course the student wants to enroll into 2. If the student is already in the Students table, then use that existing Student Id. If the student is not already in the Students table, then a row for that student must be inserted into the Students table, and use that new student id. 3. Along the same lines, if the course is already in the Courses table, then use that existing Course Id. If the course is not already in the Courses table, then a row for that course must be inserted into the Courses table, and use that new course id. 4. There should be no duplicate student course enrollments, i.e a given student must not be enrolled in the same course twice. For example, Tom must not be enrolled in C# course twice. Answer : To avoid duplicate student course enrollments create a composite primary key on StudentId and CourseId columns in StudentCourses table. With this composite primary key in place, if someone tries to enroll the same student in the same course again we get violation of primary key constraint error. Alter table StudentCourses Add Constraint PK_StudentCourses Primary Key Clustered (CourseId, StudentId) Here is the SQL script that inserts data into the 3 tables as expected Declare @StudentName nvarchar(50) = 'Sam' Declare @CourseName nvarchar(50) = 'SQL Server' Declare @StudentId int Declare @CourseId int -- If the student already exists, use the existing student ID Select @StudentId = Id from Students where StudentName = @StudentName -- If the course already exists, use the existing course ID Select @CourseId = Id from Courses where CourseName = @CourseName -- If the student does not exist in the Students table If (@StudentId is null) Begin -- Insert the student Insert into Students values(@StudentName) -- Get the Id of the student Select @StudentId = SCOPE_IDENTITY() End -- If the course does not exist in the Courses table If (@CourseId is null) Begin -- Insert the course Insert into Courses values(@CourseName) -- Get the Id of the course Select @CourseId = SCOPE_IDENTITY() End -- Insert StudentId & CourseId in StudentCourses table Insert into StudentCourses values(@StudentId, @CourseId) If required, we can very easily convert this into a stored procedure as shown below. Create procedure spInsertIntoStudentCourses @StudentName nvarchar(50), @CourseName nvarchar(50) as Begin Declare @StudentId int Declare @CourseId int Select @StudentId = Id from Students where StudentName = @StudentName Select @CourseId = Id from Courses where CourseName = @CourseName If (@StudentId is null) Begin Insert into Students values(@StudentName) Select @StudentId = SCOPE_IDENTITY() End If (@CourseId is null) Begin Insert into Courses values(@CourseName) Select @CourseId = SCOPE_IDENTITY() End Insert into StudentCourses values(@StudentId, @CourseId) End Use the following statement to execute the stored procedure Execute spInsertIntoStudentCourses 'Tom','C#'
Views: 74024 kudvenkat
Part 12   Can we join two tables without primary foreign key relation
 
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Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists http://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/09/part-12-can-we-join-two-tables-without.html Can we join two tables without primary foreign key relation Yes, we can join two tables without primary foreign key relation as long as the column values involved in the join can be converted to one type. ID column in Departments table is not the primary Key and DepartmentId column in Employees table is not the foreign key. But we can still join these tables using ID column from Departments table and DepartmentId column from Employees table, as both the columns involved in the join have same data type i.e int. Select Employees.Name as EmployeeName, Departments.Name as DepartmentName from Employees join Departments on Departments.ID = Employees.DepartmentId The obious next question is, if primary foreign key relation is not mandatory for 2 tables to be joined then what is the use of these keys? Primary key enforces uniqueness of values over one or more columns. Since ID is not a primary key in Departments table, 2 or more departments may end up having same ID value, which makes it impossible to distinguish between them based on the ID column value. Foreign key enforces referential integrity. Without foreign key constraint on DepartmentId column in Employees table, it is possible to insert a row into Employees table with a value for DepartmentId column that does not exist in Departments table. The following insert statement, successfully inserts a new Employee into Employees table whose DepartmentId is 100. But we don't have a department with ID = 100 in Departments table. This means this employee row is an orphan row, and the referential integrity is lost as result Insert into Employees values (8, 'Mary', 'Female', 80000, 100) If we have had a foreign key constraint on DepartmentId column in Employees table, the following insert statement would have failed with the following error. Msg 547, Level 16, State 0, Line 1 The INSERT statement conflicted with the FOREIGN KEY constraint. The conflict occurred in database "Sample", table "dbo.Departments", column 'ID'.
Views: 109181 kudvenkat
XSD 2 Oracle SQL
 
01:29
Demonstration of the Sciumo XSD to Oracle DDL SQL tool available at: http://sciumo.com/xsd2sql/XSD2PLSQL.html This tool takes XML XSD and rewrites it into Oracle DDL to create table structures. Creating Oracle DDL from XSD is not necessarily a good idea. Better ways exist for utilizing XML which is a format for data in motion and not a format for data integration.
Views: 2908 Sciumo

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