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EXIST Function in SQL
 
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Join Discussion: http://www.techtud.com/video-lecture/exist-function-sql IMPORTANT LINKS: 1) Official Website: http://www.techtud.com/ 2) Virtual GATE: http://virtualgate.in/login/index.php Both of the above mentioned platforms are COMPLETELY FREE, so feel free to Explore, Learn, Practice & Share! Our Social Media Links: Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/techtuduniversity Facebook Group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/virtualgate Google+ Page: https://plus.google.com/+techtud/posts Last but not the least, SUBSCRIBE our YouTube channel to stay updated about the regularly uploaded new videos.
Views: 36907 Techtud
Let's Learn SQL! Lesson 82 : EXIST and NOT EXIST Subqueries
 
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Explore SQL with Tom Coffing of Coffing Data Warehousing! In this lesson, learn about EXIST and NOT EXIST Subqueries!
PL/SQL tutorial 60: Collection Method EXISTS in Oracle Database by Manish Sharma
 
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RebellionRider presents you the latest PL/SQL Tutorial 60 on Collection method EXISTS by Manish Sharma ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/exists-function Previous Tutorial ► ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ ___Facebook Official Page of Manish Sharma___ https://www.facebook.com/TheRebellionRider/ ___Facebook Official Page of RebellionRider.com___ https://www.facebook.com/RebellionRider.official/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check the About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 7414 Manish Sharma
The SQL EXISTS clause
 
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How to use the EXISTS clause in SQL. For beginners.
Views: 23364 Database by Doug
SQL Error ORA-00942 Table or View Does Not Exist in Oracle Database
 
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How to use Tab View (Data Dictionary) of Oracle Database to solve the SQL Error ORA-00942 Table or View Does Not Exist error in Oracle Database ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog: http://bit.ly/ora-00942 Previous Tutorial ► ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ ___Facebook Official Page of Manish Sharma___ https://www.facebook.com/TheRebellionRider/ ___Facebook Official Page of RebellionRider.com___ https://www.facebook.com/RebellionRider.official/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check the About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 7096 Manish Sharma
How to insert and retrive data on a table  using oracle SQL
 
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Error handling while inserting data into the table. Fix ERROR at line 1: ORA-00947: not enough values ERROR: ORA-01756: quoted string not properly terminated
Views: 814 Golam Sarwar
Oracle SQL MERGE Statement
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-merge-sql/ In this video, we’ll learn what the Oracle MERGE statement does and how you can use it. What is the MERGE statement? It’s a statement that lets you either insert or update data in a table - all in a single statement! It’s helpful if you’re using an ETL (Extract Transform Load) process when creating or updating a data warehouse. It’s also helpful when loading data into your own database if you’re not creating a data warehouse. It allows you to prevent duplicate data and ensure you have up-to-date data in your table. The syntax looks like this: MERGE INTO table_name USING table_name ON (condition) WHEN MATCHED THEN update_clause DELETE where_clause WHEN NOT MATCHED THEN insert_clause [LOG ERRORS log_errors_clause reject_limit integer | unlimited ] In this video, I also show an Oracle SQL MERGE statement example, so watch the video to find out more. For more information on the MERGE statement and how you can use it in your queries, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-merge-sql/
Views: 620 Database Star
Oracle SQL Tutorial 13 - How to Add Column Constraints (Attributes)
 
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So far, we have this table declaration: CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR(50 CHAR) first_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR), last_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) ) We can run this command see that it works. As we are learning though, we are going to want to be able to recreate our table with different settings and such, but if you try to run this command, it will complain that the table already exists. So we first need to delete this table before we start editing settings. When we get more experienced, we will learn about ways to edit the structure of a table that already exists. To fix this, we can get rid of the table using the DROP TABLE command: DROP TABLE users You can run this every time if you need to practice by adding a semicolon after it. This is how you can tell Oracle that you are putting in another command after it. This is known as a delimiter. When you run the script, it is going to run both commands. Now we can go through and reconsider our table structure. This is fine for starting out because we don't have any important data in our database, but once your database is in production you are not going to want to just drop tables. In the last video we discussed different constraints that you can apply to columns in a database table, but how do you actually apply these when you are creating a table? The first way you define constraints is to put them right after the column in your CREATE TABLE statement. CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL ) When we define constraints this way, we usually say we are adding column attributes. If you have two constraints you want to add, you just put one after the other with spaces in between. There is no particular order that is required. CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL UNIQUE ) In this situation we have already given the column the NOT NULL and UNIQUE attributes, so we should consider making this a primary key: CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) PRIMARY KEY ) As you can see, adding column attributes is super easy. We can add a default like this: CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) PRIMARY KEY, account_balance NUMBER DEFAULT 0 ) Note that now we need the comma after the first row. There are a few constraints we did not talk go through an example, specifically foreign keys and check constraints. We will be adding these constraints to our database in future videos. In the mean time, I have a thought for you… Many people prefer to name their column constraints. That way, we can refer to certain constraints by name. For example, we might have a primary key constraint that could be named users_pk. The way we are creating these constraints does not allow for this feature, so in the next video we are going to be discussing different ways to create constraints. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 21235 Caleb Curry
SQL script to insert into many to many table
 
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Text Article http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2017/02/sql-script-to-insert-into-many-to-many.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2017/02/sql-script-to-insert-into-many-to-many_6.html SQL Server Interview Questions and Answers text articles & slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/05/sql-server-interview-questions-and.html SQL Server Interview Questions and Answers playlist https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL6n9fhu94yhXcztdLO7i6mdyaegC8CJwR All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists In this video we will discuss how to insert data into a table that has many-to-many relationship Create table Students ( Id int primary key identity, StudentName nvarchar(50) ) Go Create table Courses ( Id int primary key identity, CourseName nvarchar(50) ) Go Create table StudentCourses ( StudentId int not null foreign key references Students(Id), CourseId int not null foreign key references Courses(Id) ) Go Students - Id column is identity column Courses - Id column is identity column StudentCourses - StudentId and CourseId columns are foreign keys referencing Id column in Students and Courses tables As you can see, StudentCourses is a bridge table that has many to many relationship with Students and Courses tables. This means a given student can be enrolled into many courses and a given course can have many students enrolled. Below is the question asked in an interview for SQL Server Developer role. Write a SQL script to insert data into StudentCourses table. Here are the rules that your script should follow. 1. There will be 2 inputs for the script Student Name - The name of the student who wants to enroll into a course Course Name - The name of the course the student wants to enroll into 2. If the student is already in the Students table, then use that existing Student Id. If the student is not already in the Students table, then a row for that student must be inserted into the Students table, and use that new student id. 3. Along the same lines, if the course is already in the Courses table, then use that existing Course Id. If the course is not already in the Courses table, then a row for that course must be inserted into the Courses table, and use that new course id. 4. There should be no duplicate student course enrollments, i.e a given student must not be enrolled in the same course twice. For example, Tom must not be enrolled in C# course twice. Answer : To avoid duplicate student course enrollments create a composite primary key on StudentId and CourseId columns in StudentCourses table. With this composite primary key in place, if someone tries to enroll the same student in the same course again we get violation of primary key constraint error. Alter table StudentCourses Add Constraint PK_StudentCourses Primary Key Clustered (CourseId, StudentId) Here is the SQL script that inserts data into the 3 tables as expected Declare @StudentName nvarchar(50) = 'Sam' Declare @CourseName nvarchar(50) = 'SQL Server' Declare @StudentId int Declare @CourseId int -- If the student already exists, use the existing student ID Select @StudentId = Id from Students where StudentName = @StudentName -- If the course already exists, use the existing course ID Select @CourseId = Id from Courses where CourseName = @CourseName -- If the student does not exist in the Students table If (@StudentId is null) Begin -- Insert the student Insert into Students values(@StudentName) -- Get the Id of the student Select @StudentId = SCOPE_IDENTITY() End -- If the course does not exist in the Courses table If (@CourseId is null) Begin -- Insert the course Insert into Courses values(@CourseName) -- Get the Id of the course Select @CourseId = SCOPE_IDENTITY() End -- Insert StudentId & CourseId in StudentCourses table Insert into StudentCourses values(@StudentId, @CourseId) If required, we can very easily convert this into a stored procedure as shown below. Create procedure spInsertIntoStudentCourses @StudentName nvarchar(50), @CourseName nvarchar(50) as Begin Declare @StudentId int Declare @CourseId int Select @StudentId = Id from Students where StudentName = @StudentName Select @CourseId = Id from Courses where CourseName = @CourseName If (@StudentId is null) Begin Insert into Students values(@StudentName) Select @StudentId = SCOPE_IDENTITY() End If (@CourseId is null) Begin Insert into Courses values(@CourseName) Select @CourseId = SCOPE_IDENTITY() End Insert into StudentCourses values(@StudentId, @CourseId) End Use the following statement to execute the stored procedure Execute spInsertIntoStudentCourses 'Tom','C#'
Views: 85270 kudvenkat
Merge Statement in Oracle SQL with Example (UPDATE/DELETE or INSERT)
 
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This video demonstrates how to write a Merge Statement in oracle sql, how it is useful in doing a conditional update or delete or both of them when the condition between the target table and source table is evaluated to true, and how we can insert the record into the target table when condition is evaluated to false. The video also shows the use of UPDATE, DELETE and INSERT with Merge, and also the various possible ways to use a Merge statement!!!
Views: 9038 Kishan Mashru
SQL Tutorial - 13: Inserting Data Into a Table From Another Table
 
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In this tutorial we'll learn to use the INSERT Query to copy data from one table into another.
Views: 252752 The Bad Tutorials
Oracle SQL Tutorial 19 - ON DELETE (SET NULL and CASCADE)
 
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Welcome everyone! Something you need to consider when you are creating foreign keys is what happens if you delete the parent? As a reminder, the parent is the row that has the value you are referencing in the row that has a foreign key. Why is this something important to consider? It's important because foreign keys need to protect us from two primary things, unacceptable INSERT statements, and unacceptable DELETE statements. Let's see what happens when we try to insert incorrect data into the table with the foreign key: INSERT INTO projects VALUES (1, 'Update website homepage', 'CalebCurry') The response tells us plainly that there is no such user in the users table. So this works correctly. Deleting data on the other hand works a bit differently because the database does not know what you want to do with the child row when you delete the parent from the parent table. By default, we will get an error message that prevents the parent from being deleted, but there are some other options. How do we configure this? This is where the ON DELETE statement comes in. We add the keywords ON DELETE right after the foreign key and then we can give it the option of CASCADE or SET NULL. CASCADE means that if we delete the parent, we are also going to delete the child. In our situation what that means is that if somebody creates a project in our project table and then that persons account gets deleted, all of the projects he owns will also be deleted. CASCADE: CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, Project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL, CONSTRAINT projects_pk PRIMARY KEY (project_id), CONSTRAINT projects_users_fk FOREIGN KEY (creator) REFERENCES users (username) ON DELETE CASCADE ) SET NULL will take the value in the child table and get rid of it. What you are left with is NULL. This means that we have an orphaned child. The first thought you might have is that it is a bad thing to have an orphaned child, but in databases that is not always so. In our application if we had it set to SET NULL, when a user account gets deleted the projects would remain in existence they would just lack a creator. This might be a good thing if you are concerned about the long term survival of a project, this might be the route you want to go. It ultimately depends on the application purpose. If you don't like CASCADE or SET NULL, you can leave the entire ON DELETE statement and just have Oracle throw an error when a parent is deleted. As for us, we are going to use ON DELETE CASCADE. We need to use this with extreme caution. If you are not careful, someday you will run a delete a row and that will cascade through you database deleting a bunch of stuff you didn't want to delete. Stuff happens, so make sure you back up your database every once in eternity. Now, in the last video we started with a database design that had three tables. We've only created two in this video. In the next video we are going to create the next one, which is a little special. Then we'll finish things up by adding some indexes. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 16256 Caleb Curry
How to Resolve Oracle SQL Parent Key Not Found (ORA-02291)
 
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In this video, we’ll explain what the ORA-02291 “parent key not found” error is, see an example, and look at how to resolve it. This error usually happens when we try to insert data into a table. It looks like this: Error is: ORA-02291: integrity constraint (constraint_name) violated - parent key not found So what does this error mean? It means we’re trying to insert data into a child table, and there is no related record in the parent table. If a foreign key has been set up to enforce this relationship, there needs to be a parent to insert a child that refers to it. Watch the video to see an example of this error as well as how to resolve it. For more information on Oracle SQL, refer to the Database Star website here: https://www.databasestar.com/
Views: 2912 Database Star
MSSQL - Sql server - insert into table if record doesn't exist
 
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More info http://howtodomssqlcsharpexcelaccess.blogspot.com/2018/06/mssql-sql-server-insert-into-table-if.html
Views: 97 Vis Dotnet
Difference between IN and EXISTS clause in database
 
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Difference between IN and EXISTS clause in database
Views: 693 Techie Savy
before Insert Record in Database Check duplicate value| Insert |Search|Update in VB.NET with code
 
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before insert record in Database check duplicate value| insert |search|update in vb.net with source code.check duplicate value if not found then insert record in database.... #searching record in database #upadate record in database #How_to_Update_Record_in_database #how_to_Delete_record_in_database Original Credits: who made this video CODERBABA and YOUTUBE. ........................... my website https://goo.gl/yMhpe3 ............................. Thanks for watching these videos , hit like , subscribe our channel n yes don't forget to share with you friends ............................ Thanks for being with us make sure you share and stay with us with subscribing us - regards CODERBABA, codr baba, CODER BABA,Coder Baba,CoderBaba ?? ...................... Follow Us Socially ?? Facebook : https://goo.gl/tEWJ6X Instagram : https://goo.gl/2Z3nBs Twitter : https://goo.gl/Yrnxvd ............................ NO COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT IS INTENDED THIS PURELY FOR PROMOTING MYSELF AND SHOWING MY SKILLS AS YOUTUBE BLOGGER. THIS IS PURELY FOR NON PROFIT. ............................ LIKE ? SHARE ? SUBSCRIBE ............................ See you in next video, have a nice day. GOOD LUCK
Views: 10130 Coder Baba
Merge: Databases for Developers #17
 
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Sometimes when adding rows to your database need update-if-exists, insert-if-not-exists logic. Aka an upsert. You could write this as separate update and insert statements. But there is an easier way: Merge! Watch this video for an overview of how merge works. Further reading: Merge documentation: https://docs.oracle.com/en/database/oracle/oracle-database/18/sqlrf/MERGE.html Delete rows not in the source using merge: https://technology.amis.nl/2006/10/14/have-merge-remove-records-from-target-that-are-not-in-the-source-oracle-10g/ Take the course: https://devgym.oracle.com/pls/apex/dg/class/databases-for-developers-next-level.html Need help with SQL? Ask us over on AskTOM: https://asktom.oracle.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/ChrisRSaxon Daily SQL Twitter tips: https://twitter.com/SQLDaily All Things SQL blog: https://blogs.oracle.com/sql/ ============================ The Magic of SQL with Chris Saxon Copyright © 2015 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
Views: 811 The Magic of SQL
IN VS EXISTS VS JOIN, performance
 
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This video demonstrates the performance effects of using an exists clause instead of an IN clause, also it shows how we can update a simple sub query having an IN clause with an EXISTS or JOIN statement. It also shows that joining would consider the null data, where as an IN clause would neglect null values. If you want more such videos of exciting and amazing 'difference between' concepts, check out the links below : union and union all : https://youtu.be/n9FqQOd8liY char and varchar2 : https://youtu.be/039qzwjWf4k replace and translate : https://youtu.be/HKYF77BGzOE procedure and function : https://youtu.be/q3LmOenL120 rank and dense_rank : https://youtu.be/WGSX998hZ9M delete and truncate : https://youtu.be/u76wMm2byXo %type and %rowtype : https://youtu.be/MlLUFeZ_3eM
Views: 12244 Kishan Mashru
Sql - Insert if not exists query
 
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sql insert if not exists In many cases we need to insert a row by checking whether it is already available or not. First we need to find a row is present or not. then if it is present, we skip the insert process. If the row is not present, then we insert the row. This query will help to insert rows only if not present. You can use this query directly in your application, where you need to check the presence before insert. The syntax is : merge into tblname i using (select ‘val1' as a1,‘val2' as a2,‘Val3' as a3, …. , ‘valN' as an) d on i.attribute1=d.a1 when not matched then insert (Attribute1,Attribute2,Attribute3, …. , AttributeN) values (d.a1,d.a2,d.a3,…,d.an); The example is merge into items i using (select '7' as itemid,'puri' as itemname,'25' as itemcost) d on d.itemid=i.itemid when not matched then insert (itemid,name,price) values (d.itemid,d.itemname,d.itemcost); Like us on FB https://www.facebook.com/Eddy5SmartSolutions/?fref=ts Subscribe Our Channel https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtUgeNnytvnb51p25pcz58g
Updating a Table with SSIS
 
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Updating a Table with SSIS
Views: 103520 Rick Caminiti
MySQL Tutorial #12 in Hindi: SubQuery(Nested Query) with EXISTS and NOT EXISTS Clause
 
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MySQL Tutorial #12 in Hindi: SubQuery(Nested Query) with EXISTS and NOT EXISTS Clause - Solved Examples MySQL tutorial for Beginners MySQL Installation Guide How to Install MySQL on windows 10
PL/SQL tutorial 76: Introduction to FORALL statement in Oracle Database
 
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RebellionRider.com presents Introduction to bulk Data processing using FORALL statement in Oracle Database by Manish Sharma ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog: http://bit.ly/forall-01 Previous Tutorial ► PL/SQL Bulk Collect with LIMIT clause ►SQL Error ORA-00942 Table or View Does Not Exist in Oracle Database http://bit.ly/ora-00942 ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ ___Facebook Official Page of Manish Sharma___ https://www.facebook.com/TheRebellionRider/ ___Facebook Official Page of RebellionRider.com___ https://www.facebook.com/RebellionRider.official/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check the About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 6801 Manish Sharma
EXISTS Operator in SQL Server
 
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Click here to Subscribe to IT PORT Channel : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCMjmoppveJ3mwspLKXYbVlg Specifies a subquery to test for the existence of rows. In this video you can check Exists and Not Exists with Simple Example
Views: 877 IT Port
sql insert command | sql insert into table | sql insert query | DBMS Lectures in hindi #74
 
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Welcome to series of gate lectures by well academy sql insert command | sql insert into table | sql insert query | DBMS Lectures in hindi #74 Here are some more GATE lectures by well academy relational algebra in dbms | relational algebra operations in dbms | DBMS lectures in hindi #58 : https://youtu.be/zbnyudmh4ys Select Operation in Relation Algebra | Selection in Relational Algebra | DBMS lectures in hindi #59 : https://youtu.be/NsIL7z4Ck4A Projection in Relational Algebra | relational algebra in dbms | DBMS Lectures in hindi #60 : https://youtu.be/5QVMyeDfih4 Gate 2012 Relaional Algebra | relational algebra in dbms gate | DBMS lectures in hindi #61 : https://youtu.be/SeGqtlzy5_k Rename operation in Relational Algebra | relational algebra in dbms | DBMS Lectures in hindi #62 : https://youtu.be/0bklGoIBcQ8 set operations in dbms | Set Operations in Relational Algebra in dbms | DBMS lectures in hindi #63 : https://youtu.be/cE8mZnWxyN4 Join Operation in DBMS | join operation in relational algebra | join operation in database DBMS #64 : https://youtu.be/Au-ab_Yq1rw Natural join operation in dbms | Natural join in relational algebra | Natural join in hindi | #65 : https://youtu.be/rBaSaPoUeqQ Division Operation | Division Operation in DBMS | Division Operation in dbms with example | DBMS #66 : https://youtu.be/705ljW1X5gM join in dbms | Types of Join in dbms | join operation in relational algebra | DBMS lectures #67 : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4DppvRx5a2Y GATE 2015 Relational Algebra | relational algebra in dbms with examples | DBMS Lectures in hindi #68 : https://youtu.be/gj0xiXmjVaw Relational Calculus | relational calculus database | relational calculus in hindi | DBMS #69 : https://youtu.be/1hG_qqckYj0 Tuple Relational Calculus | tuple relational calculus in dbms | tuple relational calculus in hindi : https://youtu.be/RzGg0fykY3I Tuple Relational Calculus | Bounded Variables and Free Variables | DBMS Lectures in Hindi #71 : https://youtu.be/Yjz10ysczUc SQL create table in hindi | SQL tutorial in hindi | DBMS Lectures in hindi #72 : https://youtu.be/Pm8XAQYDBGw constraints in dbms | constraints in sql in hindi | DBMS Lectures in Hindi #73 : https://youtu.be/kevkLGrJvUg Click here to subscribe well Academy https://www.youtube.com/wellacademy1 GATE Lectures by Well Academy Facebook Group https://www.facebook.com/groups/1392049960910003/ Thank you for watching share with your friends Follow on : Facebook page : https://www.facebook.com/wellacademy/ Instagram page : https://instagram.com/well_academy Twitter : https://twitter.com/well_academy bulk insert sql server, how to insert sql, insert column in sql, insert en sql, insert en sql server, insert image in sql server, insert image to sql server, insert into select sql, insert query in sql server, mysql insert, mysql insert data, mysql insert date, mysql insert image to database, mysql insert into, mysql insert into table, mysql insert multiple rows, mysql insert query, mysql insert statement, mysql insert update delete, php sql insert, sql bulk insert, sql insert, sql insert and delete, sql insert and update at the same time, sql insert array, sql insert based on select, sql insert case statement example, sql insert command, sql insert csv, sql insert data, sql insert data from csv file, sql insert data from one table to another, sql insert data from text file, sql insert data into joined tables, sql insert date, sql insert date and time, sql insert date now, sql insert delete update, sql insert delete update select, sql insert error, sql insert excel into table, sql insert foreign key, sql insert from multiple tables, sql insert from one table to another, sql insert image into table, sql insert injection, sql insert into, sql insert into español, sql insert into multiple rows, sql insert into multiple tables, sql insert into multiple tables in one query, sql insert into multiple tables with foreign keys, sql insert into select, sql insert into select example, sql insert into table, sql insert javascript, sql insert new column between two columns, sql insert null value, sql insert picture into table, sql insert query, sql insert record into table, sql insert script, sql insert script from excel, sql insert serial number, sql insert statement, sql insert table, sql insert table into another table, sql insert trigger, sql insert trigger example, sql insert two tables foreign key, sql insert update delete, sql insert update delete trigger, sql insert update example, sql insert using excel, sql insert values into table, sql insert values multiple rows oracle, sql insert values where not exists, sql insert view, sql stored procedure insert, trigger insert sql server
Views: 4426 Well Academy
Oracle Database11g tutorials 14 : How to CREATE TABLE using sql developer and command prompt
 
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Oracle Database11g tutorials 14 How to Create table using command prompt and Create table using sql developer Blog Link http://bit.ly/1TkY4Oe Time Line 0:25 Introduction of Tables in Database 1:03 What is Create Table (Introduction of create table) 1:30 Syntax of Create Table 2:08 How to create table using Command Prompt 4:55 How to create table using SQL Developer Links for Oracle Database tutorials 4: database connectivity using SQL developer and command prompt http://youtu.be/wSqoXRlXDUU You can have indepth knowledge about SQL create table here http://www.rebellionrider.com/sql-create-table.html Tool used in this tutorial is command prompt. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com Today in this oracle database tutorial we will see How to CREATE A TABLE. if we have to define a table in layman language then we can say that Tables are just a collection of Rows and Columns but In RDBMS tables are database objects which help in organizing data into ROWS and COLUMNS. We can also say that SQL tables are kind of data structure which are used by database for efficient storage of data. To create a table in our database we use SQL CREATE TABLE command. SQL CREATE TABLE is a type of DATA DEFINITION LANGUAGE also known as DDL. To Create a table in your schema you will require CREATE TABLE system privilege. In our future videos we will see what are system and object privileges and how to grant them to a user. Today for this video we will be using Sample schema HR which already has all the necessary privileges. Ohk Let's see the syntax. CREATE TABLE table name ( column name1 Data-Type(size), column name2 Data-Type(size), ..... ); CREATE TABLE is an oracle reserved word or say an Oracle key word whereas There are 3 different ways of creating a table in Oracle database. Creating a table using Command Line Interface (CLI) in Oracle database For demonstrating how to create table in oracle database using CLI, I'll be using Command prompt. Thats how we create table using command prompt. you can check your table structure by DESCRIBE command for that just write DESC and your table name. Like this Another way of creating a table is by using Graphic user interface (GUI) in Oracle database To demonstrate how to create table using GUI we will use SQL developer. Lets open our SQL developer I am connected to HR schema if you do not know how to create a connection to database using SQL developer please watch my oracle database tutorial 4 that explains database connectivity using SQL developer and command prompt. Link for this video is in the description below. So lets create a table. Creating a table using SQL developer is very easy we do not have to fire any query here. Let's start First of all right click on your connection in which you want to create a table and choose schema browser. This will open a separate schema browser pane or you can expend your connection by clicking this + sign and then right click on table and choose New Table. However I prefer working with schema browser so let's skip to schema browser pane here from the first drop-down list you can choose connection name and in the second drop down list you can choose what database objects you want to work with we want to create a table thus I'll choose table and then click this arrow here and choose option for new table Ok we have created a table wizard first of all give a unique name to your table and add some column as well. For this, click the green plus button. Now we already have a column so give it some name. Also choose a datatype from the list and specify any size you can check this not null column if in case you want to make this a mandatory column you can also specify default value and constraint If you want to make this column a primary key you can click here In my future video i'll show you what are these constraints and different ways of applying them on a column in a table. for this video we will concentrate on create table only so when you are done with all your columns click ok Thats your table You can double click on your table here and can see its structure. Thats it
Views: 179628 Manish Sharma
EXISTS Condition in Oracle Database
 
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#Exists oracle exists vs in, if exists in oracle, oracle not exists vs not in, difference between in and exists in oracle, case when exists oracle, oracle check if record exists, if not exists in oracle, oracle update where exists
Views: 20 Adam Tech
Oracle SQL Loader - How to load data from file(.csv, .dat, .txt) into table - Tutorial - 3
 
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This video is the third tutorial on Oracle SQL*Loader tutorial series created by Kishan Mashru. Oracle SQL Loader utility is used to load data from flat files like .csv files, .dat files, .txt files into Oracle database tables. In this video tutorial, we demonstrated how to load data from excel to oracle using sql loader We showed the SQL Loader control file example and loaded data from the .csv file into the database table. Check out the first video: https://youtu.be/fSV51bljrwY Check out the second video: https://youtu.be/ogidUWHHRL8 Check out the advantages of using TRUNCATE over a DELETE from the following video: Delete VS Truncate : https://youtu.be/u76wMm2byXo #KishanMashru #Oracle #SqlLoader #SqlLoaderExample #LoadCSV #LoadExcel #SQLandPLSQL #OracleSqlLoader #ETL #database
Views: 2122 Kishan Mashru
Java & MySQL - Check if a value already exists
 
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Easy tutorial on how to check if a value already exists in the database.
Views: 27944 Mozoran
Part 12   Can we join two tables without primary foreign key relation
 
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Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists http://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/09/part-12-can-we-join-two-tables-without.html Can we join two tables without primary foreign key relation Yes, we can join two tables without primary foreign key relation as long as the column values involved in the join can be converted to one type. ID column in Departments table is not the primary Key and DepartmentId column in Employees table is not the foreign key. But we can still join these tables using ID column from Departments table and DepartmentId column from Employees table, as both the columns involved in the join have same data type i.e int. Select Employees.Name as EmployeeName, Departments.Name as DepartmentName from Employees join Departments on Departments.ID = Employees.DepartmentId The obious next question is, if primary foreign key relation is not mandatory for 2 tables to be joined then what is the use of these keys? Primary key enforces uniqueness of values over one or more columns. Since ID is not a primary key in Departments table, 2 or more departments may end up having same ID value, which makes it impossible to distinguish between them based on the ID column value. Foreign key enforces referential integrity. Without foreign key constraint on DepartmentId column in Employees table, it is possible to insert a row into Employees table with a value for DepartmentId column that does not exist in Departments table. The following insert statement, successfully inserts a new Employee into Employees table whose DepartmentId is 100. But we don't have a department with ID = 100 in Departments table. This means this employee row is an orphan row, and the referential integrity is lost as result Insert into Employees values (8, 'Mary', 'Female', 80000, 100) If we have had a foreign key constraint on DepartmentId column in Employees table, the following insert statement would have failed with the following error. Msg 547, Level 16, State 0, Line 1 The INSERT statement conflicted with the FOREIGN KEY constraint. The conflict occurred in database "Sample", table "dbo.Departments", column 'ID'.
Views: 116983 kudvenkat
Subqueries in sql   Part 59
 
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In this video we will discuss about subqueries in sql server. Let us understand subqueris with an example. Please create the required tables and insert sample data using the script below. Create Table tblProducts ( [Id] int identity primary key, [Name] nvarchar(50), [Description] nvarchar(250) ) Create Table tblProductSales ( Id int primary key identity, ProductId int foreign key references tblProducts(Id), UnitPrice int, QuantitySold int ) Insert into tblProducts values ('TV', '52 inch black color LCD TV') Insert into tblProducts values ('Laptop', 'Very thin black color acer laptop') Insert into tblProducts values ('Desktop', 'HP high performance desktop') Insert into tblProductSales values(3, 450, 5) Insert into tblProductSales values(2, 250, 7) Insert into tblProductSales values(3, 450, 4) Insert into tblProductSales values(3, 450, 9) Write a query to retrieve products that are not at all sold? This can be very easily achieved using subquery as shown below. Select [Id], [Name], [Description] from tblProducts where Id not in (Select Distinct ProductId from tblProductSales) Most of the times subqueries can be very easily replaced with joins. The above query is rewritten using joins and produces the same results. Select tblProducts.[Id], [Name], [Description] from tblProducts left join tblProductSales on tblProducts.Id = tblProductSales.ProductId where tblProductSales.ProductId IS NULL In this example, we have seen how to use a subquery in the where clause. Let us now discuss about using a sub query in the SELECT clause. Write a query to retrieve the NAME and TOTALQUANTITY sold, using a subquery. Select [Name], (Select SUM(QuantitySold) from tblProductSales where ProductId = tblProducts.Id) as TotalQuantity from tblProducts order by Name Query with an equivalent join that produces the same result. Select [Name], SUM(QuantitySold) as TotalQuantity from tblProducts left join tblProductSales on tblProducts.Id = tblProductSales.ProductId group by [Name] order by Name From these examples, it should be very clear that, a subquery is simply a select statement, that returns a single value and can be nested inside a SELECT, UPDATE, INSERT, or DELETE statement. It is also possible to nest a subquery inside another subquery. According to MSDN, subqueries can be nested upto 32 levels. Subqueries are always encolsed in paranthesis and are also called as inner queries, and the query containing the subquery is called as outer query. The columns from a table that is present only inside a subquery, cannot be used in the SELECT list of the outer query. Next Video: What to choose for performance? Queries that involve a subquery or a join Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2013/01/subqueries-in-sql-part-59.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2013/09/part-59-subqueries-in-sql-server.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 207550 kudvenkat
Oracle SQL Tutorial 15 - How to Add Primary Key Constraints
 
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The goal of this video is to take the CREATE TABLE statement we have and walk through the different ways to create primary keys. This and foreign keys are the most common constraints, so we need to make sure that you have this one down. Once we have a more complex database design with multiple tables, we will learn the proper way to create foreign keys. For now, I am going to keep all of our constraints at the column level, unnamed. The only exception is the primary key, because that is what we are focusing on in this video. The first way to create the primary key is at the column level, unnamed. The primary key is very important because it what we use to distinguish rows from one another. Every table you create is going to need a primary key, and I suggest putting a lot of effort into making sure your keys are set up correctly and organized. --Delete the table if needed: DROP TABLE users; CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER PRIMARY KEY, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL UNIQUE ) The next way is at the column level, but named: --Delete the table: DROP TABLE users; CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER CONSTRAINT users_pk PRIMARY KEY, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR)NOT NULL UNIQUE ) The general naming convention here is the table name followed by an underscore, followed by pk for primary key. Finally, the third way, which is at the table level, is the way we are going to create our primary key: --Delete the table: DROP TABLE users; CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL UNIQUE, CONSTRAINT users_pk PRIMARY KEY (user_id) ) Now, once you've created these constraints, you can use Oracle SQL Developer to find these constraints. Open your databases in the connections tab and find the table in the Tables folder. Double click your table and travel to the Constraints tab. You can tell here that the UNIQUE constraint still exists in this table, but it has a pretty disgusting name. It kind of wants to make me puke. Referencing that constraint in the future with that wacky name would be a burden. Engrave these three options in your head so that you can use any of them whenever you need and can read other peoples' code. Thank you for sticking with the series thus far. In the next video, we will be…doing something. See you then! :) ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 15242 Caleb Curry
SSIS Tutorial Part 60-Perform Upsert  (Update/Insert  SCD1) by Lookup Transformation in SSIS Package
 
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SSIS Tutorial Scenario: Let's say we have to load a dimension table from text file. Our business Key is SSN. We need to insert new records depending upon values of SSN column, If any new then we need to insert this records. If SSN already existing in Table then we need to find out if any other column is changed from Source columns values. If that is true then we have to update those values. What we will learn in this video How to Read the data from Flat file in SSIS Package How to perform Lookup to Find out Existing or Non Existing Records in Destination Table From Source How to Insert new Records by using OLE DB Destination How to update existing Records by using OLE DB Command Transformation in SSIS Package Link to the blog post for this video with script if used http://sqlage.blogspot.com/2015/05/perform-upsert-updateinsert-scd1-by.html Check out our Full Step by Step SQL Server Integration Services(SSIS) Tutorial http://www.techbrothersit.com/2014/12/ssis-videos.html
Views: 33811 TechBrothersIT
SQL Server except operator
 
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sql except example sql except operator example sql server except example sql server except order by sql server except clause SQL Server except operator In this video we will discuss SQL Server except operator with examples. EXCEPT operator returns unique rows from the left query that aren’t in the right query’s results. Introduced in SQL Server 2005 The number and the order of the columns must be the same in all queries The data types must be same or compatible This is similar to minus operator in oracle Let us understand this with an example. SQL Script to create the tables Create Table TableA ( Id int primary key, Name nvarchar(50), Gender nvarchar(10) ) Go Insert into TableA values (1, 'Mark', 'Male') Insert into TableA values (2, 'Mary', 'Female') Insert into TableA values (3, 'Steve', 'Male') Insert into TableA values (4, 'John', 'Male') Insert into TableA values (5, 'Sara', 'Female') Go Create Table TableB ( Id int primary key, Name nvarchar(50), Gender nvarchar(10) ) Go Insert into TableB values (4, 'John', 'Male') Insert into TableB values (5, 'Sara', 'Female') Insert into TableB values (6, 'Pam', 'Female') Insert into TableB values (7, 'Rebeka', 'Female') Insert into TableB values (8, 'Jordan', 'Male') Go Notice that the following query returns the unique rows from the left query that aren’t in the right query’s results. Select Id, Name, Gender From TableA Except Select Id, Name, Gender From TableB To retrieve all of the rows from Table B that does not exist in Table A, reverse the two queries as shown below. Select Id, Name, Gender From TableB Except Select Id, Name, Gender From TableA You can also use Except operator on a single table. SQL script to create tblEmployees table Create table tblEmployees ( Id int identity primary key, Name nvarchar(100), Gender nvarchar(10), Salary int ) Go Insert into tblEmployees values ('Mark', 'Male', 52000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('Mary', 'Female', 55000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('Steve', 'Male', 45000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('John', 'Male', 40000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('Sara', 'Female', 48000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('Pam', 'Female', 60000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('Tom', 'Male', 58000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('George', 'Male', 65000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('Tina', 'Female', 67000) Insert into tblEmployees values ('Ben', 'Male', 80000) Go Except operator on a single table Select Id, Name, Gender, Salary From tblEmployees Where Salary ]= 50000 Except Select Id, Name, Gender, Salary From tblEmployees Where Salary ]= 60000 Order By clause should be used only once after the right query Select Id, Name, Gender, Salary From tblEmployees Where Salary ]= 50000 Except Select Id, Name, Gender, Salary From tblEmployees Where Salary ]= 60000 order By Name Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/sql-server-except-operator.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/adsbygoogle-window.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 41033 kudvenkat
How to Configure ODBC to Access a Microsoft SQL Server
 
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This video tutorial covers how to configure ODBC to access a Microsoft SQL Server database. More guides and tutorials: http://www.itgeared.com/.
Views: 290696 itgeared
Create Duplicate Oracle Table using SQL (Copy a Table) | Express Edition Tutorial | Learn SQL
 
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Learn how to copy/clone/duplicate an Oracle table using SQL under 90 seconds! Use the Oracle Express Edition for quick learning! Clone an Oracle table using SQL! ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- How to create a duplicate table using SQL along with the data? How to clone an Oracle table using SQL? Here is the solution: ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- create table emp1copy1 as (select * from emp1); ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Very Simple! Here emp1 is the base table which is copied into the emp1copy1 table along with its rows. The table emp1copy1 does not exist before this statement is run! Download the latest Oracle Express Edition release here: http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/database-technologies/express-edition/downloads/index.html Follow me on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/the_perfect_tutorials/ Follow me on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/theperfecttutorials
SQL 136 Subselect, EXISTS with Subselects
 
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Explains how EXISTS with subselects work. From http://ComputerBasedTrainingInc.com SQL Course. Learn by doing SQL commands for ANSI Standard SQL, Access, DB2, MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, and SQL Server.
Views: 4871 cbtinc
SQL in Oracle 11g Tutorial #8: Three way to Insert record in Table(Insert statement)
 
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SQL in Oracle 11g Tutorial #8: Three way to Insert record in Table(Insert statement). Thanks for Watching my Channel “Learn TechToTech”. Please subscribe my channel for getting first updates after uploading video.Social Media pages of Channel are: 1. My Website : www.learnfromrakesh.com 2. My Twitter: https://twitter.com/LearnTechtotech 3. Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/LearnTechToTech 4. Blogger : https://learntechtotech.blogspot.in/ 5. Google+ : https://learntechtotech.blogspot.in/ 6. Pinterest : https://in.pinterest.com/LearnTechToTech/ 7. LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/Learntechtotech/ Playlist of Different Technology: 1. Operating System : https://goo.gl/q6SfrW 2. Python Programming Language : https://goo.gl/L8b5dc 3. C Language : https://goo.gl/SwvDu9 4. C language for Placement: https://goo.gl/AaQBa4 5. Java: https://goo.gl/M8F2uy 6. MySql : https://goo.gl/vdJbHQ 7. Android Mobile Application Development: https://goo.gl/M6woaT 8. Kotlin Programming Language : https://goo.gl/GXE5cd 9. Go Programming: https://goo.gl/Ua3xYW 10. Internet of Things(IoT): https://goo.gl/f2afkY 11. Oracle 11g : https://goo.gl/zds8r2 12. C++ : https://goo.gl/C1psMT
Views: 42 Learn TechToTech
create and use function in sql. not exist in SQL PART 8
 
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sql tutorial for beginners. not exists function in sql. part 8 create and use function in sql. not exists sql statement, how to write an sql statement of the records of a table where not exist in other table (child table) in sql statement. sql tutorial for beginners you can use this statement in sql view, sql stored procedure, sql function. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Subscriber will be notified when I will upload new tutorials in future. Many more new tutorials coming soon, so stay tuned! https://www.youtube.com/swiftlearn ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ You can also know all the programming techniques, and bug fixing, error solution in my channel Swift learn. The main topics of this channel are c#.net, asp.net, WCF, sql server, crystal report, RDLC report, HTML, CSS, javascript, Android etc. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Share this video with anyone if you think as useful. Please leave any suggestions for future tutorials in the comment section below. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Connect with me https://www.facebook.com/groups/swiftlearn/ All playlist c# tutorial for beginners Swift Learn https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLINPYKVRUHyXoPn0-4NIdFn8RrQQDdAki c# linq to sql tutorial Swift Learn https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLINPYKVRUHyVsic1g2CUn2pR5aKjNd3Nc asp.net tutorial for beginners full Swift Learn https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLINPYKVRUHyUjmHrYfAq1l8pe5eXhkZqF crystal report c# in sql Swift Learn https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLINPYKVRUHyWao6CC3Eu0srQxJjgkfLsm SQL Tutorial for beginners full Swift Learn https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLINPYKVRUHyVOv6mx6xU7HEgGcfLk4Kmz
Views: 112 Swift Learn
Oracle SQL Tutorial 16 - Parent Child Relationships
 
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So far in this series we have discussed database design, creating tables, and constraints. We've brought up the concept of foreign keys, but we have not explained how to create them. That is the goal of this video and the upcoming videos. We want to study those foreign keys! Let's make them not so foreign. Let's learn the proper way to define a foreign key. As a reminder, a foreign key is a column that references a column of another table. The column it references must either be a primary key, or have the UNIQUE constraint. This means that every value inside of the column that is labeled as a foreign key, there must be that value in some row of the referenced column. As an example, imagine that we have the users table, and we have a table service_requests. We could have a column in the service_request that references a column in the users table. Usually this would be the primary key that is referenced, but there is nothing stopping you from referencing a unique column. Just for fun, let's go through an example using the username column. If we have a service_requests table, every single row within the table is going to be what some would consider an instance of a service_request. This means that the table columns are like the blueprint for what a service request looks like and then each row is an individual service request. If we have one of the columns labeled as a foreign key to the username of the users table, what does that mean practically? It means that for a single row, the value for that column must be a value that exists in the users table. We could have a service_request submitted by a user with the username of Yoloswagman. This means that there must be a row inside of the users table that has the value Yoloswagman for the username column. This brings up the concept of parent and child relationships. Yoloswagman in this situation is the parent, and his service request is the child. When we draw it out, it makes sense why a primary key must be UNIQUE. If we had two Yoloswagmans, the child would not know which column is the parent. The same applies if we were using IDs and we had So remember, always reference a primary key or a column with the UNIQUE constraint. Now, I have a question for you. Do foreign keys automatically have the UNIQUE constraint, just like primary keys? The answer is no. A parent row can have many child rows. It makes sense because the user could submit multiple service requests. Can we force the column to be unique? Absolutely. If that was the case, the user could only make one service request. Another question. Do foreign keys automatically have the NOT NULL constraint, just like primary keys? The answer is no. Essentially what this means is that a child could be created with no parent. Can we force the column to be NOT NULL? Absolutely. It is ok in some situations to allow the row to be null, but in this situation it makes no sense. It would be wise for us to add that constraint ourselves. So now that you understand some more differences between primary and foreign keys and parent child relationships, take all of these questions into consideration when you are creating foreign keys. In the next video, we are going to start a small project that is going to require multiple tables. We'll take a video to design our structure and then we'll get to creating those foreign keys in Oracle SQL Developer. Stick around and if you like these videos please be a serious supporter and subscribe to my channel. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ HELP ME! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 12894 Caleb Curry
SQL1
 
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Views: 438 Thary Kim
SQL EXISTS VE NOT EXISTS KULLANIMI
 
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SQL: EXISTS Condition This SQL tutorial explains how to use the SQL EXISTS condition with syntax and examples. Click the Try It button next to an example to test it for yourself in our SQL Editor. Description The SQL EXISTS condition is used in combination with a subquery and is considered to be met, if the subquery returns at least one row. It can be used in a SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE statement.
Views: 67 gracia heys
SelectTec | Aula Nº 10 | Operador IN - Oracle SQL Developer
 
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in syntax: select * from tabela coluna_n1 in ('X,'Y','Z');
Views: 3337 SelectTec
Curso Oracle Sql - Video 21 - Subconsultas
 
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Subconsultas. Operador Exist y Not Exist. Cláusula With. Funciones de agrupación en subconsultas.
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For all sql videos in Telugu :http://www.vlrtraining.in/sql-training-videos-telugu/ In Telugu: INSERT INTO SELECT Statement In SQL Telugu How to Use INSERT INTO SELECT Statement in SQL The SQL INSERT INTO Statement Select into in SQL server MySQL Insert Into Select Statement In English: download sql study material Website: http://www.vlrtrain.in/2016/09/download-sql-files.html Learn SQL SQL tutorial for beginners SQL commands oracle sql tutorial sql tutorial advanced mysql tutorial sql tutorial video SQL Tutorial, Tutorials SQL
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- Create subqueries to query values based on unknown criteria - Use subqueries to find values that exist in one set of data and not in another
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