These new reforms are supposed to help the Chinese farms meet the needs of the modern market, while changing the industry and farmers' lives. CCTV's Xia Ruixue reports from Henan Province, China.
2016's Number One Central Document on agriculture shows supply side reforms will be applied to agricultural modernization, not just to increase the quantity and quality of agricultural products, but also meet the needs of China's modern agricultural market.
Today, 58-year-old Lu Jianshan doesn't have to hand spray his crops with pesticides. For a set price, he can rent a drone to do it. And when it's time to harvest, he can also hire help and rent other machinery.
With continued migration of young people from the countryside to cities, many of China's elderly farmers are left behind to do the work themselves. More modernized machinery may be making their work easier at the moment, but it's only temporary relief.
To utilize its farmland efficiently, China is encouraging farm cooperatives by accelerating rural land transfers, granting higher subsidies to large-scale landholders, and helping to establish bigger and more specialized farming units.
It's not easy to transfer rural land. Many farmers don't know much about the advantages of land transfer, so they would rather keep their land, even leave it untapped. But it's up to them to decide. We don't force them to transfer their land. So far, almost 13 hectares of arable land have been transferred in Nanyang city, covering 19 percent of the total area.
China has made great achievements in agricultural and rural economic development, but still faces serious structural problems: some produce is over-supplied, and more is in short supply. President Xi Jinping reiterated the importance of enhancing structural reform of the supply side, in the No. 1 Central Document on agriculture for 2016.
While it's been a long time since China had anything related to a "food shortage," its agricultural products can't satisfy today's demand, and the amount and quality of arable land is declining.
Structural reform is of great urgency to reverse these trends.